This Mathcad file demonstrates how to calculate the root mean square value (RMS) by formula.

Step 1: Define sampling frequency (multiple of 2) and build a waveform with DC component.

N samples per cycle

Amplitudes, phase angles, and harmonic numbers of component frequencies.

Step 2: Perform the RMS calculation, resulting in amplitude plot.

Russell W. Patterson, P.E.

Manager, System Protection & Analysis

Tennessee Valley Authority

rwpatterson@tva.gov