This Mathcad file demonstrates how to do a "sliding" root mean square (RMS) on a waveform by formula.

Step 1: Define sampling frequency (multiple of 2) and build a waveform with DC offset.

N samples per cycle

C cycles of fundamental

Amplitudes, phase angles, and harmonic numbers of component frequencies.

Step 2: Perform the sliding window RMS calculation.

Russell W. Patterson, P.E.

Manager, System Protection & Analysis

Tennessee Valley Authority

rwpatterson@tva.gov